din-20240331
000004975412/312024Q1FALSE91111P5Yhttp://dineequity.com/20240331#FinanceLeaseandFinancingObligationsCurrenthttp://dineequity.com/20240331#RentalIncomehttp://dineequity.com/20240331#RentalIncomehttp://dineequity.com/20240331#RentalIncomehttp://dineequity.com/20240331#RentalIncomehttp://dineequity.com/20240331#RentalIncomehttp://dineequity.com/20240331#RentalIncomehttp://dineequity.com/20240331#RentalIncomehttp://dineequity.com/20240331#RentalIncomexbrli:sharesiso4217:USDiso4217:USDxbrli:sharesdin:leasedin:restaurantxbrli:puredin:extensionTermutr:Ratedin:renewalPerioddin:segmentdin:territorydin:country00000497542024-01-012024-03-3100000497542024-04-2600000497542024-03-3100000497542023-12-310000049754din:FranchisorRoyaltiesfranchisefeesandotherMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:FranchisorRoyaltiesfranchisefeesandotherMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754din:FranchisorAdvertisingRevenueMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:FranchisorAdvertisingRevenueMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754us-gaap:FranchisorMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:FranchisorMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754us-gaap:FoodAndBeverageMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:FoodAndBeverageMember2023-01-012023-03-3100000497542023-01-012023-03-310000049754us-gaap:FinancialServiceMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:FinancialServiceMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754us-gaap:AdvertisingMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:AdvertisingMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754us-gaap:FranchiseMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:FranchiseMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-12-310000049754us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-12-310000049754us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-12-310000049754us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-12-310000049754us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-12-310000049754us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:CommonStockMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:CommonStockMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-12-310000049754us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-12-310000049754us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-12-310000049754us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-12-310000049754us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-12-3100000497542022-12-310000049754us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-03-310000049754us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-03-310000049754us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-03-310000049754us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-03-310000049754us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-03-3100000497542023-03-310000049754din:RoyaltiesMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:RoyaltiesMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754din:ProprietaryProductSalesAndOtherMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:ProprietaryProductSalesAndOtherMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754din:FranchiseAndDevelopmentFeesMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:FranchiseAndDevelopmentFeesMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754din:FranchiseRevenueTransactionsMember2024-03-310000049754din:FranchiseRevenueTransactionsMember2023-12-3100000497542024-04-012024-03-3100000497542025-01-012024-03-3100000497542026-01-012024-03-3100000497542027-01-012024-03-3100000497542028-01-012024-03-3100000497542029-01-012024-03-310000049754din:ApplebeesMemberdin:NotesReceivablePortfolioSegmentMember2024-03-310000049754din:EquipmentNotesPortfolioSegmentMember2024-03-310000049754din:LeaseReceivablePortfolioSegmentMember2024-03-310000049754din:EquipmentLeasesReceivableMember2024-03-310000049754din:EquipmentLeasesReceivableMember2023-12-310000049754din:RealEstateLeasesMember2024-03-310000049754din:RealEstateLeasesMember2023-12-310000049754din:OtherReceivablesMember2024-03-310000049754din:OtherReceivablesMember2023-12-310000049754din:AccountsReceivablePortfolioSegmentMember2023-12-310000049754din:NotesReceivableCurrentPortfolioSegmentMember2023-12-310000049754din:NotesReceivableNoncurrentPortfolioSegmentMember2023-12-310000049754din:LeaseReceivablePortfolioSegmentMember2023-12-310000049754din:EquipmentNotesPortfolioSegmentMember2023-12-310000049754din:OtherPortfolioSegmentMember2023-12-310000049754din:AccountsReceivablePortfolioSegmentMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:NotesReceivableCurrentPortfolioSegmentMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:NotesReceivableNoncurrentPortfolioSegmentMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:LeaseReceivablePortfolioSegmentMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:EquipmentNotesPortfolioSegmentMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:OtherPortfolioSegmentMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:AccountsReceivablePortfolioSegmentMember2024-03-310000049754din:NotesReceivableCurrentPortfolioSegmentMember2024-03-310000049754din:NotesReceivableNoncurrentPortfolioSegmentMember2024-03-310000049754din:OtherPortfolioSegmentMember2024-03-310000049754din:NotesReceivableCurrentAndNoncurrentPortfolioSegmentMember2024-03-310000049754din:NotesReceivablePortfolioSegmentsLeaseReceivablePortfolioSegmentAndEquipmentNotesPortfolioSegmentMember2024-03-310000049754din:IhopMember2024-03-310000049754din:ApplebeesMember2024-03-310000049754din:FuzzysMember2024-03-310000049754srt:MinimumMemberdin:IhopMember2024-03-310000049754srt:MaximumMemberdin:IhopMember2024-03-310000049754din:ApplebeesMembersrt:MinimumMember2024-03-310000049754din:ApplebeesMembersrt:MaximumMember2024-03-310000049754din:Series201914.723FixedRateSeniorSecuredNotesClassA2IIMember2024-03-310000049754din:Series201914.723FixedRateSeniorSecuredNotesClassA2IIMember2023-12-310000049754din:Series20221VariableFundingSeniorNotesClassA1Member2024-03-310000049754din:Series20221VariableFundingSeniorNotesClassA1Member2023-12-310000049754din:Series202317824FixedRateSeniorSecuredNotesClassA2Member2024-03-310000049754din:Series202317824FixedRateSeniorSecuredNotesClassA2Member2023-12-310000049754din:Series201914723FixedRateSeniorSecuredNotesClassA2IIAndSeries201914194FixedRateSeniorSecuredNotesClassA2IMember2019-06-050000049754din:Series201914.194FixedRateSeniorSecuredNotesClassA2IMember2019-06-050000049754din:Series201914.723FixedRateSeniorSecuredNotesClassA2IIMember2019-06-050000049754us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberdin:Series20221VariableFundingSeniorNotesClassA1Member2022-08-120000049754us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberdin:Series20191VariableFundingSeniorNotesClassA1Member2022-08-120000049754din:Series202317824FixedRateSeniorSecuredNotesClassA2Member2023-04-170000049754din:Series201914.194FixedRateSeniorSecuredNotesClassA2IMember2023-04-172023-04-170000049754din:A2019ClassA2IAnd2019ClassA2IINotesMember2019-06-052019-06-050000049754din:A2019ClassA2IAnd2019ClassA2IINotesMemberdin:TenYearUnitedStatesTreasuryBillRateMember2019-06-052019-06-050000049754din:A2019ClassA2IAnd2019ClassA2IINotesMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:A2019ClassA2IAnd2019ClassA2IINotesMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberdin:Series20221VariableFundingSeniorNotesClassA1Member2022-08-310000049754us-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberdin:Series20221VariableFundingSeniorNotesClassA1Member2022-08-012022-08-310000049754din:FederalFundsRateMemberus-gaap:LetterOfCreditMemberdin:Series20221VariableFundingSeniorNotesClassA1Member2022-08-012022-08-310000049754us-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMemberus-gaap:LetterOfCreditMemberdin:Series20221VariableFundingSeniorNotesClassA1Member2022-08-012022-08-310000049754us-gaap:LetterOfCreditMemberdin:Series20221VariableFundingSeniorNotesClassA1Memberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2022-08-012022-08-310000049754us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberdin:Series20221VariableFundingSeniorNotesClassA1Member2022-08-012022-08-310000049754us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberdin:Series20221VariableFundingSeniorNotesClassA1Member2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberdin:Series20221VariableFundingSeniorNotesClassA1Member2024-03-310000049754din:Series202317824FixedRateSeniorSecuredNotesClassA2Member2023-04-172023-04-170000049754din:Series202317824FixedRateSeniorSecuredNotesClassA2Memberdin:TenYearUnitedStatesTreasuryBillRateMember2023-04-172023-04-170000049754din:Series202317824FixedRateSeniorSecuredNotesClassA2Member2024-01-012024-03-3100000497542023-02-160000049754din:Series202317824FixedRateSeniorSecuredNotesClassA2Memberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2024-03-310000049754din:Series202317824FixedRateSeniorSecuredNotesClassA2Memberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberdin:Series20221VariableFundingSeniorNotesClassA1Member2023-01-012023-03-310000049754din:A2019ClassA2IAnd2019ClassA2IINotesMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754din:A2019ClassA2IAnd2019ClassA2IINotesMember2023-04-012023-06-300000049754us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberdin:ClassA2INotesMember2023-01-012023-03-3100000497542024-02-262024-02-2600000497542022-12-022022-12-0200000497542023-02-212023-02-210000049754din:TwoThousandTwentyTwoRepurchaseProgramMember2022-02-170000049754din:TwoThousandTwentyTwoRepurchaseProgramMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:TwoThousandTwentyTwoRepurchaseProgramMember2022-02-172024-03-310000049754din:TwoThousandTwentyTwoRepurchaseProgramMember2024-03-310000049754din:RestrictedStockandRestrictedStockUnitsMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2024-03-310000049754din:RestrictedStockandRestrictedStockUnitsMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2023-12-310000049754us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2023-12-310000049754us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2024-03-310000049754din:LongTermIncentivePlanMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754srt:MinimumMemberdin:LongTermIncentivePlanMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:LongTermIncentivePlanMembersrt:MaximumMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:LongTermIncentivePlanMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754din:LongTermIncentivePlanMember2024-03-310000049754din:LongTermIncentivePlanMember2023-12-310000049754us-gaap:FranchisedUnitsMemberdin:ApplebeesMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:FranchisedUnitsMemberdin:IhopMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:FranchisedUnitsMemberdin:FuzzysMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:EntityOperatedUnitsMemberdin:FuzzysMember2022-12-310000049754us-gaap:EntityOperatedUnitsMemberdin:FuzzysMember2023-04-012023-06-300000049754us-gaap:EntityOperatedUnitsMemberdin:FuzzysMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:FranchisorMemberdin:FranchiseOperationsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:FranchisorMemberdin:FranchiseOperationsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754din:RentalOperationsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:RentalOperationsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754us-gaap:FoodAndBeverageMemberdin:CompanyRestaurantsMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:FoodAndBeverageMemberdin:CompanyRestaurantsMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754din:FinancingOperationsMemberus-gaap:FinancialServiceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:FinancingOperationsMemberus-gaap:FinancialServiceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754din:FranchiseOperationsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:FranchiseOperationsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754din:CompanyRestaurantsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:CompanyRestaurantsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754din:FinancingOperationsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:FinancingOperationsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754din:IhopMember2024-01-012024-03-310000049754din:IhopMember2023-01-012023-03-310000049754us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember2023-12-310000049754us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember2023-12-310000049754din:ApplebeesMemberus-gaap:PropertyLeaseGuaranteeMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2023-12-310000049754din:AdvertisingFundsAndGiftCardProgramMemberdin:IhopMember2024-03-310000049754din:AdvertisingFundsAndGiftCardProgramMemberdin:IhopMember2023-12-310000049754us-gaap:DepositAccountMember2024-03-310000049754us-gaap:DepositAccountMember2023-12-310000049754din:SecuritizedDebtReserveMember2024-03-310000049754din:SecuritizedDebtReserveMember2023-12-310000049754din:HeldforAdvertisingActivityDepositsMemberdin:ApplebeesMember2024-03-310000049754din:HeldforAdvertisingActivityDepositsMemberdin:ApplebeesMember2023-12-310000049754din:OtherCurrentRestrictedCashMember2024-03-310000049754din:OtherCurrentRestrictedCashMember2023-12-31
Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
 (Mark One)
      QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024
 OR
      TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934     
Commission File Number 001-15283
https://cdn.kscope.io/81338a9c1fcf6a9e5b6fb586f7f10b4d-Dine and APPB Logos.jpg Dine Brands Global, Inc. https://cdn.kscope.io/81338a9c1fcf6a9e5b6fb586f7f10b4d-IHOP and Fuzzy Logos.jpg
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware95-3038279
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
10 West Walnut Street, 5th Floor91103
PasadenaCA
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(818) 240-6055
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 ______________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 Title of each class Trading symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par valueDINNew York Stock Exchange
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No 
 Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes   No 
 Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company 
 Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes 
  No  
 
As of April 26, 2024, the Registrant had 15,404,569 shares of Common Stock outstanding.


Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Index

  Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

1

Table of Contents
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
Statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, which may cause actual results to be materially different from those expressed or implied in such statements. You can identify these forward-looking statements by words such as “may,” “will,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “goal” and other similar expressions. You should consider our forward-looking statements in light of the risks discussed under the heading “Risk Factors,” as well as our consolidated financial statements, related notes, and the other financial information appearing elsewhere in this report and our other filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. The forward-looking statements contained in this report are made as of the date hereof and Dine Brands Global, Inc. does not intend to, nor does it assume any obligation to, update or supplement any forward-looking statements after the date of this report to reflect actual results or future events or circumstances.
These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors, which may cause actual results to be materially different from those expressed or implied in such statements. These factors include, but are not limited to: general economic conditions, including the impact of inflation, particularly as it may impact our franchisees directly, particularly as it may impact our franchisees directly; our level of indebtedness; compliance with the terms of our securitized debt; our ability to refinance our current indebtedness or obtain additional financing; our dependence on information technology; potential cyber incidents; the implementation of restaurant development plans; our dependence on our franchisees; the concentration of our Applebee’s franchised restaurants in a limited number of franchisees; the financial health of our franchisees, including any insolvency or bankruptcy; credit risks from our IHOP franchisees operating under our previous IHOP business model in which we built and equipped IHOP restaurants and then franchised them to franchisees; insufficient insurance coverage to cover potential risks associated with the ownership and operation of restaurants; our franchisees’ and other licensees’ compliance with our quality standards and trademark usage; general risks associated with the restaurant industry; potential harm to our brands’ reputation; risks of food-borne illness or food tampering; possible future impairment charges; trading volatility and fluctuations in the price of our stock; our ability to achieve the financial guidance we provide to investors; successful implementation of our business strategy; the availability of suitable locations for new restaurants; shortages or interruptions in the supply or delivery of products from third parties or availability of utilities; the management and forecasting of appropriate inventory levels; development and implementation of innovative marketing and use of social media; changing health or dietary preference of consumers; risks associated with doing business in international markets; the results of litigation and other legal proceedings; third-party claims with respect to intellectual property assets; delivery initiatives and use of third-party delivery vendors; our allocation of human capital and our ability to attract and retain management and other key employees; compliance with federal, state and local governmental regulations; risks associated with our self-insurance; natural disasters, pandemics, epidemics, or other serious incidents; our success with development initiatives outside of our core business; the adequacy of our internal controls over financial reporting and future changes in accounting standards; and other factors discussed from time to time in the "Risk Factors" section of the Corporation's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 and in the Corporation's other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, many of which are beyond our control.
Fiscal Quarter End
The Company’s fiscal quarters end on the Sunday closest to the last day of each calendar quarter. For convenience, the fiscal quarters of each year are referred to as ending on March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31. The first fiscal quarter of 2024 began on January 1, 2024 and ended on March 31, 2024. The first fiscal quarter of 2023 began on January 2, 2023 and ended on April 2, 2023.

2

Table of Contents
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.  Financial Statements.
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
Assets(Unaudited)
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents
$144,994 $146,034 
   Receivables, net of allowance of $4,635 (2024) and $4,462 (2023)
90,694 127,937 
Restricted cash
47,631 35,058 
Prepaid gift card costs
23,242 29,545 
Prepaid income taxes
 3,445 
Other current assets
10,638 15,759 
Total current assets
317,199 357,778 
Non-current restricted cash19,500 19,500 
Property and equipment, net159,706 161,891 
Operating lease right-of-use assets278,056 275,214 
Deferred rent receivable31,140 33,326 
Long-term receivables, net of allowance of $4,758 (2024) and $5,002 (2023)
35,439 35,602 
Goodwill254,062 254,062 
Other intangible assets, net583,373 586,033 
Other non-current assets, net16,734 16,881 
Total assets
$1,695,209 $1,740,287 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit  
Current liabilities:  
Current maturities of long-term debt
$100,000 $100,000 
Accounts payable
42,975 36,193 
Gift card liability
146,714 175,640 
Current maturities of operating lease obligations
63,110 63,498 
 Current maturities of finance lease and financing obligations6,886 7,243 
Accrued employee compensation and benefits
11,600 23,211 
Accrued advertising expenses2,290 9,446 
Dividends payable
7,881 7,827 
Other accrued expenses
28,514 37,394 
Total current liabilities
409,970 460,452 
Long-term debt, net, less current maturities1,085,002 1,084,502 
Operating lease obligations, less current maturities269,913 269,097 
Finance lease obligations, less current maturities36,489 34,389 
Financing obligations, less current maturities25,657 26,984 
Deferred income taxes, net58,808 60,829 
Deferred franchise revenue, long-term37,288 38,658 
Other non-current liabilities16,887 16,350 
Total liabilities
1,940,014 1,991,261 
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders’ deficit:  
Preferred stock, $1 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding
  
Common stock, $0.01 par value; shares: 40,000,000 authorized; March 31, 2024 - 24,830,124 issued, 15,453,001 outstanding; December 31, 2023 - 24,870,529 issued, 15,344,768 outstanding
248 249 
Additional paid-in-capital245,680 256,542 
Retained earnings159,597 150,008 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(66)(64)
Treasury stock, at cost; shares: March 31, 2024 - 9,377,123; December 31, 2023 - 9,525,761
(650,264)(657,709)
Total stockholders’ deficit(244,805)(250,974)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit
$1,695,209 $1,740,287 
See the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
3

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
Revenues:
Franchise revenues:
Royalties, franchise fees and other$100,616 $102,925 
Advertising revenues75,261 77,037 
Total franchise revenues175,877 179,962 
Company restaurant sales274 1,057 
Rental revenues29,549 31,951 
Financing revenues535 797 
Total revenues206,235 213,767 
Cost of revenues:
Franchise expenses:
Advertising expenses75,261 77,037 
Bad debt expense183 923 
Other franchise expenses11,029 9,406 
Total franchise expenses86,473 87,366 
Company restaurant expenses299 1,079 
Rental expenses:
Interest expense from finance leases740 709 
Other rental expenses21,215 20,899 
Total rental expenses21,955 21,608 
Financing expenses84 98 
Total cost of revenues108,811 110,151 
Gross profit97,424 103,616 
General and administrative expenses52,187 51,087 
Interest expense, net18,072 14,709 
Closure and impairment charges634 467 
Amortization of intangible assets2,722 2,774 
Gain on extinguishment of debt (1,661)
(Gain) loss on disposition of assets(237)71 
Income before income taxes24,046 36,169 
Income tax provision(6,573)(8,759)
Net income17,473 27,410 
Other comprehensive (loss) income net of tax:
Foreign currency translation adjustment(2)1 
Total comprehensive income$17,471 $27,411 
Net income available to common stockholders:
Net income$17,473 $27,410 
Less: Net income allocated to unvested participating restricted stock(512)(679)
Net income available to common stockholders$16,961 $26,731 
Net income available to common stockholders per share:
Basic$1.13 $1.75 
Diluted$1.13 $1.74 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic14,980 15,304 
Diluted14,980 15,339 
See the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
4

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Deficit
(In thousands except shares)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2024
 Common Stock  Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Treasury Stock 
 Shares
Outstanding
AmountAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained EarningsSharesCostTotal
Balance at December 31, 2023
15,344,768 $249 $256,542 $150,008 $(64)9,525,761 $(657,709)$(250,974)
Net income— — — 17,473 — — — 17,473 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (2)— — (2)
Purchase of Company common stock(128,479)— — — — 128,479 (6,000)(6,000)
Reissuance of treasury stock277,117 (1)(13,445)— — (277,117)13,445 (1)
Net issuance of shares for stock plans8,268 — — — — — — — 
Repurchase of restricted shares for taxes(48,673)— (2,347)— — — — (2,347)
Stock-based compensation— — 4,923 — — — — 4,923 
Dividends on common stock— — 36 (7,884)— — — (7,848)
Tax payments for share settlement of restricted stock units— — (29)— — — — (29)
Balance at March 31, 2024
15,453,001 $248 $245,680 $159,597 $(66)9,377,123 $(650,264)$(244,805)

Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
Common StockAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Treasury Stock
Shares
Outstanding
AmountAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained EarningsSharesCostTotal
Balance at December 31, 2022
15,599,239 $250 $259,339 $84,538 $(65)9,360,733 $(645,146)$(301,084)
Net income— — — 27,410 — — — 27,410 
Other comprehensive income— — — — 1 — — 1 
Purchase of Company common stock(74,860)— — — — 74,860 (5,000)(5,000)
Reissuance of treasury stock194,960 (1)(8,575)— — (194,960)9,160 584 
Net issuance of shares for stock plans2,030 — — — — — — — 
Repurchase of restricted shares for taxes(46,630)— (3,527)— — — — (3,527)
Stock-based compensation— — 1,718 — — — — 1,718 
Dividends on common stock— — 91 (8,017)— — — (7,926)
Tax payments for share settlement of restricted stock units— — (859)— — — — (859)
Balance at March 31, 2023
15,674,739 $249 $248,187 $103,931 $(64)9,240,633 $(640,986)$(288,683)
See the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
5

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
 March 31,
 20242023
Cash flows from operating activities: 
Net income$17,473 $27,410 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash flows provided by operating activities: 
Depreciation and amortization9,741 9,222 
Non-cash closure and impairment charges634 459 
Non-cash stock-based compensation expense4,923 1,718 
Non-cash interest expense803 1,171 
Gain on extinguishment of debt (1,661)
Deferred income taxes1,086 (2,901)
Deferred revenue(1,583)(1,193)
(Gain) loss on disposition of assets(237)71 
Other(212)(308)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities: 
Receivables, net1,833 (2,369)
Deferred rent receivable2,186 2,557 
Current income tax receivables and payables9,388 224 
Gift card receivables and payables(978)(2,310)
Other current assets5,120 5,024 
Accounts payable(2,158)(7,579)
Operating lease assets and liabilities(3,327)340 
Accrued employee compensation and benefits(11,449)(11,801)
Accrued advertising(2,801)(5,067)
Other current liabilities111 3,069 
Cash flows provided by operating activities30,553 16,076 
Cash flows from investing activities:  
Principal receipts from notes, equipment contracts and other long-term receivables2,525 3,345 
Additions to property and equipment(3,335)(16,030)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment81  
Additions to long-term receivables(371) 
Other(74)(54)
Cash flows used in investing activities(1,174)(12,739)
Cash flows from financing activities: 
Repayment of long-term debt (66,574)
Dividends paid on common stock(7,827)(15,971)
Repurchase of common stock(6,000)(5,000)
Principal payments on finance lease and financing obligations(1,640)(1,870)
Proceeds from stock options exercised 584 
Repurchase of restricted stock for tax payments upon vesting(2,347)(3,527)
Tax payments for share settlement of restricted stock units(29)(859)
Other(3) 
Cash flows used in financing activities(17,846)(93,217)
Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash11,533 (89,880)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period200,592 324,984 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$212,125 $235,104 
Supplemental disclosures:  
Interest paid in cash$19,846 $16,702 
Income taxes paid in cash$2,907 $11,937 

See the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
6

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

1. General
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of Dine Brands Global, Inc. (the “Company” or “Dine Brands Global”) have been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2024 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the twelve months ending December 31, 2024.
The consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2023 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date but does not include all of information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements.
These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
2. Basis of Presentation
The Company’s fiscal quarters end on the Sunday closest to the last day of each calendar quarter. For convenience, the fiscal quarters of each year are referred to as ending on March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31. The first fiscal quarter of 2024 began on January 1, 2024 and ended on March 31, 2024. The first fiscal quarter of 2023 began on January 2, 2023 and ended on April 2, 2023.
The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries that are consolidated in accordance with U.S. GAAP. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires the Company’s management to make assumptions and estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities, if any, at the date of the consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates are made in the calculation and assessment of the following: impairment of tangible and intangible assets and goodwill; income taxes; allowance for doubtful accounts and notes receivables; lease accounting estimates; contingencies; and stock-based compensation. On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its estimates based on historical experience, current conditions and various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. The Company adjusts such estimates and assumptions when facts and circumstances dictate. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
3. Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Accounting Standards Adopted in the Current Fiscal Year
Additional new accounting guidance became effective for the Company as of the beginning of fiscal 2024 that the Company reviewed and concluded was either not applicable to its operations or had no material effect on its consolidated financial statements in the current or future fiscal years.
Newly Issued Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted
In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU No. 2023-07, "Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosure," which updates reportable segment disclosure requirements. The ASU primarily requires enhanced disclosures about significant segment expenses that are regularly provided to the chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) and the title and position of the CODM with an explanation of how the CODM uses the reported measure(s) of segment profit or loss used to assess segment performance. All annual disclosures of a reportable segment’s profit or loss and assets required by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 280, “Segment Reporting”, will be required to be disclosed in interim periods. The ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023 and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024 with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this ASU in our disclosures.
In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU No. 2023-09, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures.” The standard requires disaggregated information about a reporting entity’s effective tax rate reconciliation as well as information on income taxes paid. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted, and should be applied on a prospective basis with the option to apply the standard retrospectively. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this ASU on our disclosures.
7

Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

3. Recent Accounting Pronouncements (Continued)

The Company reviewed all other recently issued accounting pronouncements and concluded that they were either not applicable or not expected to have a significant impact to the consolidated financial statements.
4. Revenue
Franchise revenue and revenue from company-operated restaurants are recognized in accordance with current guidance for revenue recognition as codified in Accounting Standards Topic 606 (“ASC 606”). Under ASC 606, revenue is recognized upon transfer of control of promised services or goods to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to receive for those services or goods.
Franchise Revenues
The Company franchises the Applebee's Neighborhood Grill & Bar® (“Applebee's”) concept in the American full-service restaurant segment within the casual dining category of the restaurant industry, the International House of Pancakes® (“IHOP”) concept in the family dining mid-scale full-service category of the restaurant industry, and the Fuzzy's Taco Shop® (“Fuzzy's”) concept in the Mexican food segment within the fast-casual dining category of the restaurant industry. The franchise arrangement for the brands is documented in the form of a franchise agreement and, in most cases, a development agreement. The franchise arrangement between the Company as the franchisor and the franchisee as the customer requires the Company to perform various activities to support the brands that do not directly transfer goods and services to the franchisee, but instead represent a single performance obligation, which is the transfer of the franchise license. The intellectual property subject to the franchise license is symbolic intellectual property as it does not have significant standalone functionality, and substantially all the utility is derived from its association with the Company’s past or ongoing activities. The nature of the Company’s promise in granting the franchise license is to provide the franchisee with access to the respective brand’s symbolic intellectual property over the term of the license. The services provided by the Company are highly interrelated with the franchise license and as such are considered to represent a single performance obligation.
The transaction price in a standard franchise arrangement for the brands primarily consists of (a) initial franchise/development fees; (b) continuing franchise fees (royalties); and (c) advertising fees. Since the Company considers the licensing of the franchising right to be a single performance obligation, no allocation of the transaction price is required. Additionally, all domestic IHOP franchise agreements require franchisees to purchase proprietary pancake and waffle dry mix from the Company.
The Company recognizes the primary components of the transaction price as follows:
Franchise and development fees are recognized as revenue ratably on a straight-line basis over the term of the franchise agreement commencing with the restaurant opening date. As these fees are typically received in cash at or near the beginning of the franchise term, the cash received is initially recorded as a contract liability until recognized as revenue over time;
The Company is entitled to royalties and advertising fees based on a percentage of the franchisee's gross sales as defined in the franchise agreement. Royalty and advertising revenue are recognized when the franchisee's reported sales occur. Depending on timing within a fiscal period, the recognition of revenue results in either what is considered a contract asset (unbilled receivable) or once billed, accounts receivable, and are included in “receivables, net” on the balance sheet;
Revenue from the sale of proprietary pancake and waffle dry mix and other proprietary products is recognized in the period in which distributors ship the franchisee's order; recognition of revenue results in an accounts receivable included in “receivables, net” on the balance sheet.
In determining the amount and timing of revenue from contracts with customers, the Company exercises significant judgment with respect to collectability of the amount; however, the timing of recognition does not require significant judgments as it is based on either the term of the franchise agreement, the month of reported sales by the franchisee or the date of product shipment, none of which require estimation.
The Company does not incur a significant amount of contract acquisition costs in conducting franchising activities. The Company believes its franchising arrangements do not contain a significant financing component.
Company Restaurant Revenues
Company restaurant revenues comprise retail sales at company-operated restaurants. Sales by company-operated restaurants are recognized when food and beverage items are sold. Company restaurant sales are reported net of sales taxes collected from guests that are remitted to the appropriate taxing authorities, with no significant judgements required.
8

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
4. Revenue (Continued)

The following table disaggregates franchise revenue by major type for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023:
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
(In thousands)
Franchise Revenue:  
Royalties$80,212 $83,438 
Advertising fees75,261 77,037 
Proprietary product sales and other17,967 17,262 
Franchise and development fees2,437 2,225 
Total franchise revenue$175,877 $179,962 
Accounts and other receivables from franchisees as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 were $70.1 million (net of allowance of $3.0 million) and $68.7 million (net of allowance of $2.7 million), respectively, and were included in receivables, net in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Changes in the Company's contract liability for deferred franchise and development fees during the three months ended March 31, 2024 were as follows:
 Deferred Franchise Revenue
(short- and long-term)
(In thousands)
Balance at December 31, 2023
$45,269 
Recognized as revenue during the three months ended March 31, 2024
(2,306)
Fees deferred during the three months ended March 31, 2024
723 
Balance at March 31, 2024
$43,686 
The balance of deferred revenue as of March 31, 2024 is expected to be recognized as follows:
(In thousands)
2024 (remaining nine months)
$4,868 
20255,828 
20265,002 
20274,112 
20283,146 
Thereafter20,730 
Total$43,686 
5. Current Expected Credit Losses (“CECL”)
The CECL reserve methodology requires companies to measure expected credit losses on financial instruments based on the total estimated amount to be collected over the lifetime of the instrument. Under the CECL model, reserves may be established against financial asset balances even if the risk of loss is remote or has not yet manifested itself. The Company records specific reserves against account balances of franchisees deemed at-risk when a potential loss is likely or imminent as a result of prolonged payment delinquency (greater than 90 days past due) and where notable credit deterioration has become evident. For financial assets that are not currently deemed at-risk, an allowance is recorded based on expected loss rates derived pursuant to the Company's CECL methodology that assesses four components - historical losses, current conditions, reasonable and supportable forecasts, and a reversion to history, if applicable.
The Company considers its portfolio segments to be the following:
Accounts Receivable (Franchise-Related)
Most of the Company’s short-term receivables due from franchisees are derived from royalty, advertising and other franchise-related fees.
9

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
5. Current Expected Credit Losses (Continued)
Gift Card Receivables
Gift card receivables consist primarily of amounts due from third-party vendors. Receivables related to gift card sales are subject to seasonality and usually peak around year-end as a result of the December holiday season.
Notes Receivable
Notes receivable balances primarily relate to the conversion of certain past due Applebee's franchisee accounts receivable to notes receivable, cash loans to franchisees for working capital purposes, a note receivable in connection with the sale of IHOP company restaurants, and IHOP franchise fee and other notes. The notes are typically collateralized by the franchise. A significant portion of these notes have specific reserves recorded against them amounting to $6.0 million as of March 31, 2024.
Equipment Leases Receivable
Equipment leases receivable primarily relate to IHOP franchise development activity prior to 2003 when IHOP typically leased or purchased the restaurant site, built and equipped the restaurant, then franchised the restaurant to a franchisee. Equipment lease contracts are collateralized by the equipment in the restaurant. The estimated fair value of the equipment collateralizing these lease contracts are not deemed to be significant given the very seasoned and mature nature of this portfolio. The weighted average remaining life of the Company’s equipment leases is 3.1 years as of March 31, 2024.
Real Estate Leases Receivable
Real estate leases receivable primarily relate to IHOP franchise development activity prior to 2003 when IHOP provided the financing for leasing or subleasing the site. Real estate leases at March 31, 2024 comprised of 25 leases with a weighted average remaining life of 10.9 years, and relate to locations that IHOP is leasing from third parties and subleasing to franchisees.
Distributor Receivables
Receivables due from distributors are related to the sale of proprietary products to franchisees through the Company’s network of suppliers and distributors and are included as part of Other receivables.
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(In millions)
Accounts receivable$72.4 $68.0 
Gift card receivables6.5 33.7 
Notes receivable14.1 14.9 
Financing receivables:
     Equipment leases receivable18.0 19.7 
     Real estate leases receivable19.7 18.4 
Other receivables
4.8 18.3 
135.5 173.0 
Less: allowance for credit losses and notes receivable(9.4)(9.5)
126.1 163.5 
Less: current portion(90.7)(127.9)
Long-term receivables$35.4 $35.6 
Changes in the allowance for credit losses during the three months ended March 31, 2024 were as follows:
Accounts ReceivableNotes Receivable, short-termNotes Receivable, long-termLease ReceivablesEquipment Notes
Other (1)
Total
 (In millions)
Balance, December 31, 2023
$2.5 $1.8 $4.8 $0.2 $0.2 $0.0 $9.5 
Bad debt (credit) expense0.4 0.1 (0.3)0.0 0.0 (0.0)0.2 
Advertising provision adjustment0.0      0.0 
Write-offs0.0 (0.3)    (0.3)
Balance, March 31, 2024
$2.9 $1.6 $4.5 $0.2 $0.2 $0.0 $9.4 
(1) Primarily distributor receivables, gift card receivables and credit card receivables.
10

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
5. Current Expected Credit Losses (Continued)
The Company's primary credit quality indicator for all portfolio segments is delinquency. Generally, the notes receivables, leases receivables, equipment receivables, and other receivables (primarily consists of credit card receivables) are not delinquent.
The year of origination of the Company's financing receivables at March 31, 2024 is as follows:
 
Notes Receivable, short and long-termLease Receivables
Equipment Receivables
Total
 (In millions)
2024$0.0 $2.0 $0.0 $2.0 
20235.6 3.5 0.9 10.0 
20220.8 8.0  8.8 
20217.5 2.2  9.7 
20200.2 1.2  1.4 
Prior0.0 2.8 17.1 19.9 
Total$14.1 $19.7 $18.0 $51.8 
The Company does not place its financing receivables in non-accrual status.
6. Leases
The Company engages in leasing activity as both a lessee and a lessor. The Company currently leases from third parties the real property on which approximately 516 IHOP franchisee-operated restaurants and one Applebee's franchisee-operated restaurant are located; the Company (as lessor) subleases the property to the franchisees that operate those restaurants. The Company also leases property it owns to the franchisees that operate approximately 50 IHOP restaurants and one Applebee's restaurant. The Company leases from a third party the real property on which one Fuzzy's company-operated restaurant is located. The Company also leases office space for its principal corporate office in Pasadena, California and restaurant support centers in Leawood, Kansas, and Irving, Texas. The Company does not have a significant amount of non-real estate leases.
The Company's existing leases/subleases related to IHOP restaurants generally provide for an initial term of 20 to 25 years, with most having one or more five-year renewal options. Leases related to Applebee's restaurants generally have an initial term of 10 to 20 years, with renewal terms of five to 20 years. Option periods were not included in determining liabilities and right-of-use assets related to operating leases. Approximately 280 of the Company's leases met the sales levels that required variable rent payments to the Company (as lessor), based on a percentage of restaurant sales during the three months ended March 31, 2024. Approximately 45 of the leases met the sales levels that required variable rent payments by the Company (as lessee), based on a percentage of restaurant sales during the three months ended March 31, 2024.
The Company's lease (income) cost for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(In millions)
Finance lease cost:
Amortization of right-of-use assets
$0.7 $0.6 
Interest on lease liabilities
0.7 0.7 
Operating lease cost
18.2 19.2 
Variable lease cost2.0 1.9 
Short-term lease cost0.00.0
Sublease income(27.2)(29.5)
Lease income$(5.6)$(7.1)
11

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
6. Leases (Continued)
Future minimum lease payments under noncancellable leases as lessee as of March 31, 2024 were as follows:
Finance
Leases
Operating
Leases
 (In millions)
2024 (remaining nine months)
$6.4 $61.5 
20257.7 74.2 
20267.3 67.4 
20276.2 48.7 
20284.5 34.4 
Thereafter24.3 120.4 
Total minimum lease payments56.4 406.6 
Less: interest/imputed interest(14.3)(73.6)
Total obligations42.1 333.0 
Less: current portion(5.6)(63.1)
Long-term lease obligations$36.5 $269.9 
The weighted average remaining lease term as of March 31, 2024 was 5.9 years for finance leases and 5.9 years for operating leases. The weighted average discount rate as of March 31, 2024 was 9.2% for finance leases and 5.7% for operating leases.
During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company made the following cash payments for leases:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(In millions)
Principal payments on finance lease obligations$1.6 $1.9 
Interest payments on finance lease obligations0.7 0.7 
Payments on operating leases19.7 20.8 
Variable lease payments2.0 2.1 
The Company's income from operating leases for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(In millions)
Minimum lease payments$24.5 $27.2 
Variable lease income4.5 4.3 
Total operating lease income$29.0 $31.5 
Future minimum payments to be received as lessor under noncancellable operating leases as of March 31, 2024 were as follows:
 (In millions)
2024 (remaining nine months)
$75.7 
202589.7 
202675.6 
202758.0 
202840.7 
Thereafter130.5 
Total minimum rents receivable$470.2 
12

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
6. Leases (Continued)
The Company's income from real estate leases for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
 (In millions)
Interest income$0.3 $0.3 
Variable lease income0.1 0.1 
Selling profit
0.2  
Total real estate lease income$0.6 $0.4 
Future minimum payments to be received as lessor under noncancellable real estate leases as of March 31, 2024 were as follows:
 (In millions)
2024 (remaining nine months)
$2.4 
20252.5 
20262.5 
20272.5 
20282.6 
Thereafter15.4 
Total minimum rents receivable27.9 
Less: unearned income(8.2)
Total real estate leases receivable
19.7 
Less: current portion(1.8)
Long-term real estate leases receivable
$17.9 
7. Long-Term Debt 
At March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, long-term debt consisted of the following components:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
 (In millions)
Series 2019-1 4.723% Fixed Rate Senior Secured Notes, Class A-2-II
$594.0 $594.0 
Series 2022-1 Variable Funding Senior Secured Notes, Class A-1, variable interest rate of 7.94% and 7.95% at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively
100.0 100.0 
Series 2023-1 7.824% Fixed Rate Senior Secured Notes, Class A-2
500.0 500.0 
Unamortized debt issuance costs
(9.0)(9.5)
Long-term debt, net of debt issuance costs1,185.0 1,184.5 
Less: current portion of long-term debt(100.0)(100.0)
Long-term debt$1,085.0 $1,084.5 
On June 5, 2019, Applebee’s Funding LLC and IHOP Funding LLC (the “Co-Issuers”), each a special purpose, wholly-owned indirect subsidiary of the Company, issued two tranches of fixed rate senior secured notes, the Series 2019-1 4.194% Fixed Rate Senior Secured Notes, Class A-2-I (“2019 Class A-2-I Notes”) in an initial aggregate principal amount of $700 million and the Series 2019-1 4.723% Fixed Rate Senior Secured Notes, Class A-2-II in an initial aggregate principal amount of $600 million (the “2019 Class A-2-II Notes” and, together with the 2019 Class A-2-I Notes, the “2019 Class A-2 Notes”). The 2019 Class A-2 Notes were issued pursuant to an offering exempt from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
On August 12, 2022, the Co-Issuers established a new revolving financing facility, the 2022-1 Variable Funding Senior Secured Notes, Class A-1 (the “Credit Facility”), that allows for drawings up to $325 million of variable funding notes on a revolving basis and the issuance of letters of credit. In connection with this transaction, the Co-Issuers terminated their $225 million revolving financing facility, the 2019-1 Variable Funding Senior Secured Notes, Class A-1.
On April 17, 2023, the Co-Issuers completed a refinancing transaction and issued $500 million of Series 2023-1 7.824% Fixed Rate Senior Secured Notes, Class A-2 (the “2023 Class A-2 Notes”). The 2023 Class A-2 Notes were issued pursuant to
13

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
7. Long-Term Debt (Continued)
an offering exempt from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The Company used the net proceeds of the 2023 Class A-2 Notes to repay the entire outstanding balance of approximately $585.1 million of the 2019 Class A-2-I Notes and to pay fees and expenses incurred in connection with the issuance of the 2023 Class A-2 Notes. The remaining 2019 Class A-2-II Notes and the Credit Facility, together with the 2023 Class A-2 Notes are referred to collectively herein as the “Notes.” The Notes were issued in securitization transactions pursuant to which substantially all the domestic revenue-generating assets and domestic intellectual property held by the Co-Issuers and certain other special-purpose, wholly-owned indirect subsidiaries of the Company (the “Guarantors”) were pledged as collateral to secure the Notes.
The Notes were issued under a Base Indenture, dated as of September 30, 2014, amended and restated as of June 5, 2019 and further amended and restated as of April 17, 2023 (the “Base Indenture”). In addition, the 2019 Class A-2-II Notes were issued under the related Series 2019-1 Supplement to the Base Indenture, dated June 5, 2019 (the “Series 2019-1 Supplement”), among the Co-Issuers and Citibank, N.A., as the trustee (in such capacity, the “Trustee”) and securities intermediary, the Credit Facility was issued under the related Series 2022-1 Supplement to the Base Indenture, dated August 12, 2022 (“Series 2022-1 Supplement”), among the Co-Issuers and Citibank, N.A., as Trustee and securities intermediary, and the 2023 Class A-2 Notes were issued under the related Series 2023-1 Supplement to the Base Indenture, dated April 17, 2023 (the “Series 2023-1 Supplement”), among the Co-Issuers and Citibank, N.A., as Trustee and securities intermediary. The Base Indenture, Series 2019-1 Supplement, Series 2022-1 Supplement, and Series 2023-1 Supplement (collectively, the “Indenture”) will allow the Co-Issuers to issue additional series of notes in the future subject to certain conditions set forth therein.
2019 Class A-2 Notes
The 2019 Class A-2-I Notes were voluntarily repaid in full on April 17, 2023, while the 2019 Class A-2-II Notes remain outstanding as of March 31, 2024. For a description of the 2019 Class A-2-I Notes, refer to Note 8 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022. The legal final maturity of the 2019 Class A-2-II Notes is June 2049, but rapid amortization will apply if the 2019 Class A-2-II Notes are not repaid by June 2026 (the “2019 Class A-2-II Anticipated Repayment Date”). If the Co-Issuers have not repaid or refinanced the 2019 Class A-2-II Notes by the 2019 Class A-2-II Anticipated Repayment Date, then additional interest will accrue on the 2019 Class A-2-II Notes, as applicable, at the greater of: (A) 5.0% and (B) the amount, if any, by which the sum of the following exceeds the applicable 2019 Class A-2-II Note interest rate: (x) the yield to maturity (adjusted to a quarterly bond-equivalent basis) on the 2019 Class A-2-II Anticipated Repayment Date of the United States Treasury Security having a term closest to 10 years plus (y) 7.64% for the 2019 Class A-2-II Notes.
While the 2019 Class A-2-II Notes are outstanding, payment of principal and interest is required to be made on the 2019 Class A-2-II Notes on a quarterly basis. The quarterly principal payment of $1.5 million on the 2019 Class A-2-II Notes may be suspended when the leverage ratio for the Company and its subsidiaries is less than or equal to 5.25x. Exceeding the leverage ratio of 5.25x does not violate any covenant related to the Notes. In general, the leverage ratio is the Company's indebtedness (as defined in the Indenture) divided by adjusted EBITDA (as defined in the Indenture) for the four preceding quarterly periods. The complete definitions of all calculation elements of the leverage ratio are contained in the Indenture.
As of March 31, 2024, the Company's leverage ratio was approximately 4.3x. As a result, quarterly principal payments on the 2019 Class A-2-II Notes of $1.5 million currently are not required.
The Company may voluntarily repay the 2019 Class A-2-II Notes at any time without any associated make-whole premium.
2022 Class A-1 Notes
In August 2022, the Co-Issuers entered into the Credit Facility that allows for drawings up to $325 million of variable funding notes on a revolving basis and the issuance of letters of credit. The applicable interest rate under the Credit Facility depends on the type of borrowing by the Co-Issuers. The applicable interest rate for advances is generally calculated at a per annum rate equal to the commercial paper funding rate or one-, two-, three- or six-month Term SOFR Rate, in either case, plus 2.50%. The applicable interest rate for swingline advances and unreimbursed draws on outstanding letters of credit is a per annum base rate equal to the sum of (a) the greatest of (i) the Prime Rate in effect from time to time; (ii) the Federal Funds Rate in effect from time to time plus 0.50%; and (iii) Term SOFR for a one-month tenor in effect at such time plus 0.50% plus (b) 2.00%.
The legal final maturity of the Credit Facility is June 2052, but rapid amortization will apply if there are outstanding amounts under the Credit Facility after June 2027 (the “Class A-1 Renewal Date”). The Class A-1 Renewal Date may be extended at the Co-Issuers’ election for up to two successive one-year periods if certain conditions are met. If the Co-Issuers have not repaid or refinanced the Credit Facility by the Class A-1 Renewal Date (after giving effect to any extensions), then
14

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
7. Long-Term Debt (Continued)
interest will accrue on the Credit Facility at a rate equal to 5.00% in addition to the regular interest rate applicable to the Credit Facility.
As of March 31, 2024, the outstanding balance of the Credit Facility was $100 million. The amount of $3.4 million was pledged against the Credit Facility for outstanding letters of credit, leaving $221.6 million of the Credit Facility available for borrowing at March 31, 2024. It is anticipated that any principal and interest on the Credit Facility outstanding will be repaid in full on or prior to the quarterly payment date in June 2027, subject to two additional one-year extensions at the option of the Company upon the satisfaction of certain conditions. The letters of credit are used primarily to satisfy insurance-related collateral requirements. The weighted average interest rate for the period outstanding during the three months ended March 31, 2024 was 7.95%.
2023 Class A-2 Notes
The legal final maturity of the 2023 Class A-2 Notes is in March 2053, but it is anticipated that, unless repaid earlier to the extent permitted under the Indenture, the 2023 Class A-2 Notes will be repaid in June 2029 (the “2023 Class A-2 Anticipated Repayment Date”). If the Co-Issuers have not repaid or refinanced the 2023 Class A-2 Notes by the 2023 Class A-2 Anticipated Repayment Date, then additional interest will accrue on the 2023 Class A-2 Notes, as applicable, at the greater of: (A) 5.0% and (B) the amount, if any, by which the sum of the following exceeds the Series 2023-1 Class A-2 Note interest rate: (x) the yield to maturity (adjusted to a quarterly bond-equivalent basis) on the 2023 Class A-2 Anticipated Repayment Date of the United States Treasury Security having a term closest to 10 years plus (y) 9.24% for the 2023 Class A-2 Notes.
While the 2023 Class A-2 Notes are outstanding, payment of principal and interest is required to be made on the 2023 Class A-2 Notes on a quarterly basis. The quarterly principal payment of $1.25 million on the 2023 Class A-2 Notes may be suspended when the leverage ratio for the Company and its subsidiaries is less than or equal to 5.25x.
As of March 31, 2024, the Company's leverage ratio was approximately 4.3x. As a result, quarterly principal payments on the 2023 Class A-2 Notes of $1.25 million currently are not required.
The Company may voluntarily repay the 2023 Class A-2 Notes at any time; however, if the 2023 Class A-2 Notes are repaid prior to certain dates, the Company would be required to pay make-whole premiums. As of March 31, 2024, the make-whole premium associated with voluntary prepayment of the 2023 Class A-2 Notes was approximately $35.5 million. The Company also would be subject to a make-whole premium in the event of a mandatory prepayment required following a Rapid Amortization Event or certain asset dispositions. The mandatory make-whole premium requirements are considered derivatives embedded in the Notes that must be bifurcated for separate valuation. The Company estimated the fair value of these derivatives to be immaterial as of March 31, 2024, based on the probability-weighted discounted cash flows associated with either event.
Repurchase Program
On February 16, 2023, our Company's Board of Directors authorized a debt repurchase program of up to $100 million. Repurchases of the Company’s debt, if any, are expected to reduce future cash interest payments, as well as future amounts due at maturity or upon redemption. Under the authorization, the Company may make repurchases of the Company's debt from time to time in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions upon such terms and at such prices as management may determine.
Covenants and Restrictions
The Notes are subject to a series of covenants and restrictions customary for transactions of this type, including: (i) that the Co-Issuers maintain specified reserve accounts to be used to make required payments in respect of the Notes, (ii) provisions relating to optional and mandatory prepayments, and the related payment of specified amounts, including specified call redemption premiums in the case of Class A-2 Notes under certain circumstances; (iii) certain indemnification payments in the event, among other things, the transfers of the assets pledged as collateral for the Notes are in stated ways defective or ineffective and (iv) covenants relating to recordkeeping, access to information and similar matters. The Notes are subject to customary rapid amortization events provided for in the Indenture, including events tied to failure of the Securitization Entities (as defined in the Indenture) to maintain the stated debt service coverage ratio (“DSCR”), the sum of domestic retail sales for all restaurants being below certain levels on certain measurement dates, certain manager termination events, certain events of default and the failure to repay or refinance the Class A-2 Notes on the anticipated repayment dates. The Notes are also subject to certain customary events of default, including events relating to non-payment of required interest, principal or other amounts due on or with respect to the Notes, failure of the Securitization Entities to maintain the stated DSCR, failure to comply with
15

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
7. Long-Term Debt (Continued)
covenants within certain time frames, certain bankruptcy events, breaches of specified representations and warranties and certain judgments.
In general, the DSCR ratio is Net Cash Flow (as defined in the Indenture) for the four quarters preceding the calculation date divided by the total debt service payments (as defined in the Indenture) of the preceding four quarters. The complete definitions of the DSCR and all calculation elements are contained in the Indenture. Failure to maintain a prescribed DSCR can trigger a Cash Flow Sweeping Event, A Rapid Amortization Event, a Manager Termination Event or a Default Event (each as defined in the Indenture) as described below. In a Cash Flow Sweeping Event, the Trustee is required to retain 50% of excess Cash Flow (as defined in the Indenture) in a restricted account. In a Rapid Amortization Event, all excess Cash Flow is retained and used to retire principal amounts of debt. In a Manager Termination Event, the Company may be replaced as manager of the assets securitized under the Indenture. In a Default Event, the outstanding principal amount and any accrued but unpaid interest can be called to become immediately due and payable. Key DSCRs are as follows:
DSCR less than 1.75x - Cash Flow Sweeping Event
DSCR less than 1.20x - Rapid Amortization Event
Interest-only DSCR less than 1.20x - Manager Termination Event
Interest-only DSCR less than 1.10x - Default Event
The Company's DSCR for the reporting period ended March 31, 2024 was approximately 3.5x.
Debt Issuance Costs
2023 Class A-2 Notes
The Company incurred costs of approximately $8.0 million in connection with the issuance of the 2023 Class A-2 Notes. These debt issuance costs are being amortized using the effective interest method over the estimated life of the 2023 Class A-2 Notes. Amortization costs of $0.3 million were included in interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2024. As of March 31, 2024, unamortized debt issuance costs of $7.0 million are reported as a direct reduction of the 2023 Series Class A-2 Notes in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
2022 Class A-1 Notes
In August 2022, the Company incurred costs of approximately $6.3 million in connection with the issuance of the Credit Facility. These debt issuance costs are being amortized over the estimated life of the Credit Facility. Amortization costs of $0.3 million and $0.3 million of these costs were included in interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. As of March 31, 2024, unamortized debt issuance costs of $4.4 million related to the Credit Facility are classified as other non-current assets in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
2019 Class A-2 Notes
The Company incurred costs of approximately $12.9 million in connection with the issuance of the 2019 Class A-2 Notes. These debt issuance costs are being amortized using the effective interest method over estimated life of each tranche of the 2019 Class A-2 Notes. Amortization costs of $0.2 million and $0.9 million were included in interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. The Company repaid the entire outstanding balance of approximately $585.1 million of its 2019 Class A-2-I Notes during the second quarter of fiscal year 2023 and wrote off the related remaining issuance costs of $1.7 million. As of March 31, 2024, unamortized debt issuance costs of $2.0 million are reported as a direct reduction of the 2019 Class A-2-II Notes in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Gain on Extinguishment of Debt
The Company purchased $67.9 million of its 2019 Class A-2-I Notes under par and recognized a $1.7 million gain on extinguishment of debt during the three months ended March 31, 2023.
Maturities of Long-term Debt
The final maturity of the 2019 Class A-2-II Notes is in June 2049, but it is anticipated that, unless repaid earlier, the 2019 Class A-2-II Notes will be repaid in June 2026.
The final maturity of the 2023 Class A-2 Notes is in March 2053, but it is anticipated that, unless repaid earlier, to the extent permitted under the Indenture, the 2023 Class A-2 Notes will be repaid in June 2029.
16

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
7. Long-Term Debt (Continued)
The renewal date of the Credit Facility is June 2027, subject to two additional one-year extensions at the option of the Company upon the satisfaction of certain conditions.
Quarterly principal payments on the 2019 Class A-2-II Notes totaling $1.5 million ($6.0 million per annum) are required if the Company's leverage ratio is greater than 5.25x.
Quarterly principal payments on the 2023 Class A-2 Notes totaling $1.25 million ($5.0 million per annum) are required if the Company's leverage ratio is greater than 5.25x.
8. Stockholders' Deficit
Dividends
Dividends declared and paid per share for the three and three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
Dividends declared per common share$0.51 $0.51 
Dividends paid per common share$0.51 $1.02 
During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company paid dividends of $7.8 million and $16.0 million, respectively.
On February 26, 2024, the Board of Directors declared a first quarter 2024 cash dividend of $0.51 per share of common stock, paid on April 5, 2024 to the stockholders of record as of the close of business on March 20, 2024.
On December 2, 2022, the Board of Directors declared a fourth quarter 2022 cash dividend of $0.51 per share of common stock, paid on January 6, 2023 to the stockholders of record as of the close of business on December 20, 2022.
On February 21, 2023, the Board of Directors declared a first quarter 2023 cash dividend of $0.51 per share of common stock, paid on March 31, 2023 to the stockholders of record as of the close of business on March 20, 2023.
Stock Repurchase Program
In February 2022, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program, effective April 1, 2022, authorizing the Company to repurchase up to $250 million of the Company’s common stock (the “2022 Repurchase Program”) on an opportunistic basis from time to time in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions based on business, market, applicable legal requirements and other considerations. The 2022 Repurchase Program, as approved by the Board of Directors, does not require the repurchase of a specific number of shares and can be terminated at any time.
During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company repurchased 128,479 shares of common stock at a cost of $6.0 million. Cumulatively, the Company repurchased 1,724,257 shares at a cost of $110.7 million. As of March 31, 2024, a remaining amount of $139.3 million in the value of shares may be repurchased under the 2022 Repurchase Program.
Treasury Stock
Repurchases of the Company's common stock are included in treasury stock at the cost of shares repurchased plus any transaction costs. Treasury stock may be re-issued when stock options are exercised, when restricted stock awards are granted and when restricted stock units settle in stock upon vesting. The cost of treasury stock re-issued is determined using the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) method. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company re-issued 277,117 shares of treasury stock at a total FIFO cost of $13.4 million.
9. Income Taxes
The Company's effective tax rate was 27.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2024, as compared to 24.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2023. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was higher than the rate of the prior comparable period primarily due to a lower tax deduction related to stock-based compensation.
The total gross unrecognized tax benefit as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 was $3.9 million and $3.5 million, respectively, excluding interest, penalties and related income tax benefits. The Company estimates the unrecognized tax benefit as of March 31, 2024 may decrease over the upcoming 12 months by $0.2 million related to settlements with taxing authorities and statute of limitations expirations. For the remaining liability, due to the uncertainties related to these tax matters, the Company is unable to make a reasonable estimate as to when cash settlement with a taxing authority will occur.    
17

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
9. Income Taxes (Continued)
As of March 31, 2024, the accrued interest was $0.9 million and accrued penalties were less than $0.1 million, excluding any related income tax benefits. As of December 31, 2023, the accrued interest was $0.9 million and accrued penalties were less than $0.1 million, excluding any related income tax benefits. The Company recognizes interest accrued related to unrecognized tax benefits and penalties as a component of the income tax provision recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.
The Company files federal income tax returns and the Company or one of its subsidiaries file income tax returns in various state and international jurisdictions. With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to federal tax examinations by tax authorities for years before 2020 and state or non-United States tax examinations by tax authorities for years before 2019. The Company believes that adequate reserves have been recorded relating to all matters contained in the tax periods open to examination.
10. Stock-Based Compensation
The following table summarizes the components of stock-based compensation expense included in general and administrative expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income:
Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
(In millions)
Equity classified awards expense$5.0 $1.8 
Liability classified awards expense
0.6 0.7 
Total stock-based compensation expense$5.6 $2.5 
As of March 31, 2024, total unrecognized compensation expense of $27.6 million related to restricted stock and restricted stock units and $4.7 million related to stock options is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.7 years for restricted stock and restricted stock units and 1.8 years for stock options.
Fair Value Assumptions
The following table summarizes the assumptions used in the Black-Scholes model for stock options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2024:
Risk-free interest rate4.3 %
Historical volatility70.2 %
Dividend yield4.2 %
Expected years until exercise4.5
Fair value of options granted$22.26
18

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
10. Stock-Based Compensation (Continued)
Equity Classified Awards - Stock Options
Stock option balances at March 31, 2024, and activity for the three months ended March 31, 2024 were as follows:
 Number of Shares Under OptionWeighted
Average
Exercise
Price Per Share
Weighted Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
(in Years)
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value (in Millions)
Outstanding at December 31, 2023
462,506 $77.59   
Granted133,729 49.06   
Exercised    
Expired(13,366)92.47 
Forfeited    
Outstanding at March 31, 2024
582,869 70.70 6.7$ 
Vested and Expected to Vest at March 31, 2024
552,055 71.54 6.5$ 
Exercisable at March 31, 2024
377,446 $77.78 5.2$ 
The aggregate intrinsic value in the table above represents the total pre-tax intrinsic value (the difference between the closing stock price of the Company’s common stock on the last trading day of the first quarter of 2024 and the exercise price, multiplied by the number of in-the-money options) that would have been received by the option holders had all option holders exercised their options on March 31, 2024. The aggregate intrinsic value will change based on the fair market value of the Company’s common stock and the number of in-the-money options.
Equity Classified Awards - Restricted Stock and Restricted Stock Units
Outstanding balances as of March 31, 2024, and activity related to restricted stock and restricted stock units for the three months ended March 31, 2024 were as follows:
 Shares of Restricted
Stock
Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Stock-Settled Restricted
Stock Units
Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Outstanding at December 31, 2023338,622 $73.33 58,475 $54.07 
Granted277,117 49.05 29,473 49.06 
Released(130,347)74.85 (16,789)75.01 
Forfeited(7,917)70.09   
Outstanding at March 31, 2024477,475 $58.88 71,159 $47.10 
Liability Classified Awards - Long-Term Incentive Awards
The Company has granted cash long-term incentive awards (“LTIP awards”) to certain employees. Annual LTIP awards vest over a three-year period and are determined using multipliers from 0% to 200% of the target award based on the total stockholder return of Dine Brands Global common stock compared to the total stockholder returns of a peer group of companies. The awards are considered stock-based compensation and are classified as liabilities measured at fair value as of the respective period end. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, an expense of $0.6 million and $0.7 million, respectively, was included in total stock-based compensation expense related to LTIP awards. At March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, liabilities of $1.4 million and $0.7 million, respectively, related to LTIP awards were included as part of accrued employee compensation and benefits in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
19

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)


11. Net Income per Share
The computation of the Company's basic and diluted net income per share is as follows:
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
 (In thousands, except per share data)
Numerator for basic and diluted income per common share:
Net income$17,473 $27,410 
Less: Net income allocated to unvested participating restricted stock(512)(679)
Net income available to common stockholders - basic16,961 26,731 
Effect of unvested participating restricted stock in two-class calculation 1 
Net income available to common stockholders - diluted$16,961 $26,732 
Denominator:
Weighted average outstanding shares of common stock - basic14,980 15,304 
Dilutive effect of stock options 35 
Weighted average outstanding shares of common stock - diluted14,980 15,339 
Net income per common share:
Basic$1.13 $1.75 
Diluted$1.13 $1.74 
12. Segments
The Company identifies its reporting segments based on the organizational units used by management to monitor performance and make operating decisions. The Company currently has six operating segments: Applebee's franchise operations, IHOP franchise operations, Fuzzy's franchise operations, rental operations, financing operations, and company-operated restaurant operations. The Company has four reporting segments: franchise operations (an aggregation of each restaurant concept's franchise operations), company-operated restaurant operations, rental operations and financing operations.
 As of March 31, 2024, the franchise operations segment consisted of 1,636 restaurants operated by Applebee’s franchisees in the United States, two U.S. territories and 12 countries outside the United States; 1,809 restaurants operated by IHOP franchisees and area licensees in the United States, two U.S. territories and 13 countries outside the United States; and 127 restaurants operated by Fuzzy's franchisees in the United States. Franchise operations revenue consists primarily of franchise royalty revenues, franchise advertising revenue, sales of proprietary products to franchisees, and other franchise fees. Franchise operations expenses include advertising expense, the cost of proprietary products, pre-opening training expenses and other franchise-related costs.
Rental operations revenue includes revenue from operating leases and interest income from real estate leases. Rental operations expenses are costs of operating leases and interest expense from finance leases on which the Company is the lessee. 
Financing operations revenue primarily consists of interest income from the financing of IHOP equipment leases and franchise fees and interest income on notes receivable due from franchisees. Financing operations expenses primarily are the cost of taxes related to IHOP equipment leases.
In December 2022, three company-operated Fuzzy's restaurants were acquired, of which two were subsequently refranchised in the second quarter of 2023. As of March 31, 2024, the company restaurants segment consisted of one company-operated Fuzzy's restaurant. All company-operated restaurants are located in the United States. Company-operated restaurant operation revenue consists of retail sales at company operated restaurants. Company-operated restaurant operation expenses are operating expenses such as food, beverage, labor, benefits, utilities, rent and other operating costs.

20

Table of Contents
Dine Brand Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
12. Segments (Continued)
Information on segments is as follows:
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
 (In millions)
Revenues from external customers:
Franchise operations175.9 $180.0 
Rental operations29.5 32.0 
Company restaurants0.3 1.0 
Financing operations0.5 0.8 
Total revenues from external customers$206.2 $213.8 
Interest expense:
Rental operations$1.1 $1.0 
Corporate18.1 14.7 
Total interest expense$19.2 $15.7 
Depreciation and amortization:
Franchise operations$2.4 $2.5 
Rental operations2.6 2.6 
Company restaurants0.0 0.0 
Corporate4.7 4.1 
Total depreciation and amortization$9.7 $9.2 
Gross profit by segment:
Franchise operations$89.4 $92.6 
Rental operations7.6 10.4 
Company restaurants0.0 0.0 
Financing operations0.4 0.7 
Total gross profit97.4 103.7 
Corporate and unallocated expenses, net(73.4)(67.5)
Income before income taxes$24.0 $36.2 
    
13. Closure and Impairment Charges
Closure and impairment charges for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
 (In millions)
Closure charges$0.6 $0.4 
Long-lived tangible asset impairment 0.1 
Total closure and impairment charges$0.6 $0.5 
The closure charges of $0.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 were related to the establishment of or revisions to existing closure reserves, including accretion, primarily for 21 IHOP restaurants closed prior to December 31, 2023.
The closure charges of $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023 were primarily related to revisions to existing closure reserves, including accretion, primarily for 28 IHOP restaurants closed prior to December 31, 2022.
21

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
13. Closure and Impairment Charges (Continued)

The long-lived asset impairment of $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023 related to certain Fuzzy's company restaurant equipment for which the carrying value exceeded its fair value.
14. Fair Value Measurements
The Company does not have a material amount of financial assets or liabilities that are required under U.S. GAAP to be measured on a recurring basis at fair value. The Company is not a party to any material derivative financial instruments. The Company does not have a material amount of non-financial assets or non-financial liabilities that are required under U.S. GAAP to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis. The Company has not elected to use the fair value measurement option, as permitted under U.S. GAAP, for any assets or liabilities for which fair value measurement is not presently required.
The Company believes the fair values of cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate their carrying amounts due to their short duration.
The fair values of the Company's long-term debt, excluding the Credit Facility, at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 were as follows:

 March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
 (In millions)
Face Value$1,094.0 $1,094.0 
Fair Value$1,084.3 $1,085.8 
The fair values were determined based on Level 2 inputs, including information gathered from brokers who trade in the Company’s long-term debt, as well as information on notes that are similar to those of the Company.
15. Commitments and Contingencies
Litigation, Claims and Disputes
The Company is subject to various lawsuits, administrative proceedings, audits and claims arising in the ordinary course of business. Some of these lawsuits purport to be class actions and/or seek substantial damages. The Company is required under U.S. GAAP to record an accrual for litigation loss contingencies that are both probable and reasonably estimable. Legal fees and expenses associated with the defense of all of the Company's litigation are expensed as such fees and expenses are incurred. Management regularly assesses the Company's insurance coverage, analyzes litigation information with the Company's attorneys and evaluates the Company's loss experience in connection with pending legal proceedings. While the Company does not presently believe that any of the legal proceedings to which it is currently a party will ultimately have a material adverse impact on the Company, there can be no assurance that the Company will prevail in all the proceedings the Company is party to, or that the Company will not incur material losses from them.
Lease Guarantees
In connection with the refranchising of Applebee’s restaurants to franchisees, the Company has, in certain cases, guaranteed or has potential continuing liability for lease payments totaling $393.1 million as of March 31, 2024. This amount represents the maximum potential liability for future payments under these leases. These leases have been assigned to the buyers and expire at the end of the respective lease terms, which range from 2024 through 2058. Excluding unexercised option periods, the Company's potential liability for future payments under these leases is $103.7 million. In the event of default, the indemnity and default clauses in the sale or assignment agreements govern the Company's ability to pursue and recover damages incurred.
16. Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid investment securities with remaining maturities at the date of purchase of three months or less to be cash equivalents. These cash equivalents are stated at cost which approximates market value. Cash held related to IHOP advertising funds and the Company's gift card programs is not considered to be restricted cash as there are no restrictions on the use of these funds.
22

Table of Contents
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
16. Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash (Continued)

The components of cash and cash equivalents were as follows:

March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
 (In millions)
Money market funds$45.0 $42.0 
IHOP advertising funds and gift card programs75.5 82.8 
Other depository accounts24.5 21.2 
Total cash and cash equivalents$145.0 $146.0 
Current Restricted Cash
Current restricted cash primarily consisted of funds required to be held in trust in connection with the Company's securitized debt and funds from Applebee's franchisees pursuant to franchise agreements, usage of which was restricted to advertising activities.
The components of current restricted cash were as follows:

March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
 (In millions)
Securitized debt reserves$39.2 $31.2 
Applebee's advertising funds7.0 2.0 
Other 1.4 1.9 
Total current restricted cash$47.6 $35.1 
Non-current Restricted Cash
Non-current restricted cash was $19.5 million at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 and represents interest reserves required to be set aside for the duration of the Company's securitized debt.

23

Table of Contents
Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
You should read the following Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the related notes that appear elsewhere in this report and the MD&A contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023. Statements contained in this report may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Please refer to the section of this report under the heading “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” for more information. Except where the context indicates otherwise, the words “we,” “us,” “our,” “Dine Brands Global” and the “Company” refer to Dine Brands Global, Inc., together with its subsidiaries that are consolidated in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”).
Overview
Through various subsidiaries, we own and franchise the Applebee's Neighborhood Grill & Bar® (“Applebee's”) concept in the American full-service segment within the casual dining category of the restaurant industry, the International House of Pancakes® (“IHOP”) concept in the mid-scale full-service restaurant segment within the family dining category of the restaurant industry, and the Fuzzy's Taco Shop® (“Fuzzy's”) concept in the Mexican limited-service restaurant segment within the fast-casual dining category of the restaurant industry. References herein to Applebee's®, IHOP® and Fuzzy's Taco Shop® restaurants are to these three restaurant concepts, whether operated by franchisees, area licensees and their sub-licensees (collectively, “area licensees”) or by us. With close to 3,600 restaurants, we believe we are one of the largest full-service restaurant companies in the world.
We identify our business segments based on the organizational units used by management to monitor performance and make operating decisions. We currently have six operating segments: Applebee's franchise operations, IHOP franchise operations, Fuzzy's franchise operations, rental operations, financing operations, and company-operated restaurant operations. We have four reportable segments: franchise operations (an aggregation of each restaurant concept's franchise operations), rental operations, financing operations, and company-operated restaurant operations.
Key Financial Results
The financial tables appearing in this MD&A present amounts in millions of dollars that are rounded from our consolidated financial statements presented in thousands of dollars. As a result, the tables may not foot or crossfoot due to rounding.
Three Months Ended March 31,Favorable
(Unfavorable) Variance
 20242023
 (In millions, except per share data)
Income before income taxes$24.0 $36.2 $(12.2)
Income tax provision(6.6)(8.8)2.2 
Net income$17.5 $27.4 $(9.9)
Effective tax rate27.3 %24.2 %(3.1)%
Net income per diluted share$1.13 $1.74 $(0.61)
% decrease
Weighted average diluted shares15.0 15.3 (2.0)%
The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was higher than the rate of the prior comparable period primarily due to a lower tax deduction related to stock-based compensation.
24

Table of Contents
The following table highlights the primary components of the decrease in our income before income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2024, compared to our income before income taxes for the comparable prior period (in millions):
Favorable/ (Unfavorable) Variance
Three Months Ended March 31, 2024
Decrease in gross profit:
Applebee's franchise operations
$(1.3)
IHOP franchise operations
(0.1)
Fuzzy's franchise operations(1.8)
Company restaurant operations
0.0 
Rental and financing operations
(3.0)
Total decrease in gross profit
(6.2)
Increase in general and administrative ("G&A") expenses(1.1)
Increase in interest expense, net(3.4)
Change in gain on disposition of assets
0.3 
Change in gain on extinguishment of debt
(1.7)
Increase in closure and impairment charges
(0.1)
Decrease in amortization of intangible assets
0.1 
Decrease in income before income taxes$(12.1)
Total gross profit for the three months ended March 31, 2024 decreased compared with the same period of the prior year, due to decreased revenue from franchise and rental operations and increased franchisor advertising contribution. In addition, income before income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2024 decreased compared to the prior year period due to a gain on extinguishment of debt in the same period in the prior year, increased interest expense and increased G&A expenses. The increase in interest expense primarily related to higher-rate securitized notes and borrowings from our revolving line of credit. The increase in G&A expenses was primarily attributable to an increase in compensation-related expenses (predominantly stock-based compensation) and an increase in consumer research expenses, partially offset by a decrease in professional services.